Curbing salt use to protect our freshwater resources
In Wisconsin, we rely on salt to keep our roads, driveways and sidewalks safe in the winter and to soften the water in our homes on a daily basis. But our heavy salt use comes with a cost: excess chloride in our waters.
The Nine Springs Wastewater Treatment plant receives 220,000 pounds of salt per day; this is equal to three semi-trailers or 5,500 40-pound bags of water softener salt daily! Unfortunately, the treatment plant isn’t designed to remove dissolved salt from water. So chloride, a component of salt, passes through the treatment plant into the freshwater streams we discharge to.
In addition to water softener salt, overuse of road and sidewalk salt can ultimately infiltrate into our lakes, streams and groundwater and make them salty. At high enough levels, excess chloride from salt can threaten freshwater plants and animals, which can’t tolerate salt water.
We all play a role in salt reduction
While it’s easy to add salt to water, it’s costly and energy-intensive to remove it. In 2015, the District completed a chloride compliance study that looked at sources and potential treatment options. At that time, the study showed it would cost over $400 million to add chloride-reduction technology to the treatment plant, which would result in higher sewer bills for all users.
Fortunately, there is another way. Rather than adding costly treatment to protect our freshwater, we can more cost-effectively reduce salt use at the source. Through the collective actions of residents, businesses, salt professionals and others, we help reduce the amount of salt that ends up in our water.
How you can help
Learn about water softener efficiency and hard water in your home.
Read salt reduction success stories and learn more about available grants.
For road salt applicators
Get information on actions you can take to keep road salt out of local waters.
For water softener professionals
Find training and resources to help you help your customers reduce salt use.
Chloride Pollutant Minimization Program Report
A Pollutant Minimization Program (PMP) annual report outlining 2022 District chloride reduction efforts.
Water Softener Optimization Study
A 2015 study by the District investigated how water softener optimization can aid wastewater utilities in chloride discharge limits.
Chloride Compliance Study
This 2015 study provides information on chloride sources to the plant, options for compliance, and the costs of compliance options.
Chloride Source Reduction Compliance Plan
A 2019 recap of the District’s chloride reduction program’s first variance term and a vision for the second variance term.
Salt Savers Pilot Program
The aim of the Salt Savers pilot program was to improve water softener efficiency, with the goal of reducing chloride entering the sewer system in McFarland, Town of Dunn and the Pleasant Spring Sanitary District.